A Journey into Singapore’s Past
While the earliest known historical records of Singapore are shrouded in the mists of time, a third century Chinese account describes it as "Pu-luo-chung", or the "island at the end of a peninsula". Later, the city was known as Temasek ("Sea Town"), when the first settlements were established from AD 1298-1299.
During the 14th century, this small but strategically- located island earned a new name. According to legend, Sang Nila Utama, a Prince from Palembang (the capital of Srivijaya), was out on a hunting trip when he caught sight of an animal he had never seen before. Taking it to be a good sign, he founded a city where the animal had been spotted, naming it “The Lion City” or Singapura, from the Sanskrit words “simha” (lion) and “pura” (city).
The city was then ruled by the five kings of ancient Singapura. Located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula, the natural meeting point of sea routes, the city served as a flourishing trading post for a wide variety of sea vessels, including Chinese junks, Indian vessels, Arab dhows, Portuguese battleships, and Buginese schooners.
The next important period in the history of Singapore was during the 19th century, when modern Singapore was founded. At this time, Singapore was already an up and coming trading post along the Malacca Straits. It was also then when Great Britain started to see the need for a port of call in the region. In particular, British traders needed a strategic venue to base the merchant fleet of the growing empire, and to forestall any advance made by the Dutch in the region.
The then Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (now Bengkulu) in Sumatra, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819 after a survey of the neighbouring islands. Recognising the immense potential of the swamp-covered island, he helped negotiate a treaty with the local rulers and established Singapore as a trading station. Soon, the island’s policy of free trade attracted merchants from all over Asia and from as far away as the Middle East and the US.
In 1832, Singapore became the centre of government for the Straits Settlements of Penang, Malacca and Singapore. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the advent of the telegraph and steamship, Singapore's importance as a centre of the expanding trade between the East and West increased tremendously between 1873 and 1913. Its prosperity attracted immigrants from around the region. By 1860, the thriving country had a population that had grown from a mere 150 in 1819 to 80,792, comprising mainly Chinese, Indians and Malays.
But the peace and prosperity of the country suffered a major blow during World War II, when it was attacked by the Japanese on 8 December 1941. Once regarded as an impregnable fortress, Singapore fell under the Japanese invasion on 15 February 1942. It remained occupied for the next three and half years.
When the Japanese surrendered in 1945, the island was handed over to the British Military Administration, which remained in power until the dissolution of the Straits Settlement comprising Penang, Melaka and Singapore. In April 1946, Singapore became a Crown Colony.
In 1959, the growth of nationalism led to self-government, and the country’s first general election. The People’s Action Party (PAP) won a majority of 43 seats and Lee Kuan Yew became the first prime minister of Singapore. In 1961, Malaysia proposed a merger between Singapore, the Federation of Malaya, Sarawak, North Borneo and Brunei to foster closer ties. A referendum held in Singapore in 1962 to vote on the merger with Malaysia showed the people’s overwhelming support for it. Following that, Malaysia was formed in 1963 and comprised of the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo (now Sabah). However, the merger proved unsuccessful, and less than two years later on 9 August 1965, Singapore left Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign democratic nation.
Today, you can learn about Singapore’s rich historical heritage by visiting many of the national monuments, museums and memorials located around the city. On your trip here, remember to take a walk along one of the many heritage trails or visit the well-known landmarks.
Take a look at some of the indoor activities you can enjoy when you’re visiting Singapore.
Star Holidays is a fast growing tour operator and travel agent in Pakistan we have been in the Asian Countries travel and tourism business since 1997 started as an approved agent of Pakistan international airlines (PIA) more than 15 years ago our company has established itself as a reputed concern offering multi-product travel services. at star holidays you will find a team of dedicated professionals each contributing their optimum expertise to deliver and ensure complete satisfaction of our clients our highly experienced staff members are ready to serve you from the time you think to travel we ensure you hassle free and comfortable travel at affordable price we provide a wide selection of hotels and apartments in Dubai with online confirmation through years of experience and goodwill generated between us and our partner suppliers in the tourism and travel sector we can offer you the best available rates ever offered find more China Tours Dubai Tours Singapore Tours Malaysia Tours Thailand Tours Hong Kong Tours Egypt Tours Vietnam Tours Indonesia Tours Uzbekistan Tours Azerbaijan Tour Russia Tours Bangladesh Tours
and travel insurance around the
Star Holidays free visas information web, which contain information for the visas for all embassies in Pakistan our goal is to provide you with professional competent and experienced service which will help you accomplish your personal immigration goals find more for Australia visa requirements, Austria visa requirements, Azerbaijan visa requirements, Bangladesh visa requirements, Belgium visa requirements, Brasil visa requirements, Bulgeria visa requirements, Canada visa requirements, China visa requirements, Cyprus visa requirements, Czech visa requirements, Denmark visa requirements, Dubai visa requirements, Egypt visa requirements, Finland visa requirements, France visa requirements, Germany visa requirements, Greece visa requirements, Greenland visa requirements, Hong Kong visa requirements, Hungary visa requirements, India visa requirements, Indonesia visa requirements, Iran visa requirements, Ireland visa requirements, Italy visa requirements, Japan visa requirements, Jordan visa requirements, Kazakhstan visa requirements, Kenya visa requirements, Korea visa requirements, Lebanon visa requirements, Libya visa requirements, Malaysia visa requirements, Mauritius visa requirements, Mexico visa requirements, Morroco visa requirements, Nepal visa requirements, Netherland visa requirements, New Zealand visa requirements, Nigeria visa requirements, Norway visa requirements, Oman visa requirements, Pakistan visa requirements, Philippines visa requirements, Poland visa requirements, Portugal visa requirements, Romania visa requirements, Russia visa requirements, Saudia Arabia visa requirements, Singapore visa requirements, South Africa visa requirements, Spain visa requirements, Sri Lanka visa requirements, Sweden visa requirements, Switzerland visa requirements, Syria visa requirements, Taiwan visa requirements, Tajikistan visa requirements, Thailand visa requirements, Turkey visa requirements, UK visa requirements, Ukraine visa requirements, USA visa requirements, Uzbekistan visa requirements,
Star Holidays worldwide embassies archived web find more tour packages find more airlines tariff click for PIA net fares click for thai net fares click for emirates net fares Embassies in Pakistan Pakistani embassies abroad worldwide embassies star holidays online travel tour agent in Pakistan. we provide a wide selection of hotels and apartments with online confirmation visa information immigration and visa assistance hajj umrah tour packages and Worldwide travel insurance through years of experience and goodwill generated between us and our partner suppliers in the tourism and travel sector we can offer you the best available rates ever offered.
We guide and assist for visa
form download dubai hotel
tourism dubai dubai
satellite map dubai
satellite images online
hotel reservations worldwide travel &
tourism hajj and umrah
tour packages travel
insurance for all European Embassies & Visa Requirements star holidays starholidays faisalabad
pakistan BEST PIA
FARES FROM UK TO PAKISTAN
pia agent lyallpur aviation sajjad rao
hotels tours ticketing visa insurance hajj umrah blueline visa information Dubai hotel bookings Cheap air ticketing hajj umrah tour packages travel insurance travel reservations contact Star Ho;idays travel insurance around the world round the clock special offer on dubai hotels hotel booking guide star holidays tour packages lowprice dubai happy holidays visit visa china visit visa dubai visit visa singapore visit visa malaysia visit visa thailand visit visa hong kong visit visa egypt visit visa uzbekistan visit visa indonesia visit visa russia visit visa bangladesh